Hidden Truths

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View from the window, 12 Garvin Place, Rossville Flats, where six bullets were fired at photographer Fulvio Grimaldi as he was photographing events below.

Photograph by Fulvio Grimaldi, 1972.


Courtesy of The Art Gallery, University of Maryland


CAIN Web Service (Conflict Archive on the Internet). A very extensive website on the conflict of Northern Ireland, with many links to other sites, historical and background material, texts in articles, speeches, reports, documents, etc.

Anyone reading about the Northern Ireland conflict will come across many words and terms which require some explanation. This section of the CAIN Internet site provides a useful guide.

Irish Internet Hub. A starting point for an extensive number of diverse links about Ireland, including political parties and organizations, Irish-American organizations, governmental sites, Irish news and information, tourism and culture, and education sites.

Remembering Bloody Sunday includes many photographs from the exhibition.

Irish History on the Web. A very extensive and academically oriented site.

The American Ireland Education Foundation / Political Education Committee, a non-violent, non-sectarian American organization founded in 1975. The PEC is a nationwide network of people, Irish and non-Irish alike, who seek a permanent, democratic solution to the conflict in Ireland.

Irish National Caucus. The INC is based in Washington, DC, and believes the U.S. has a vital role to play by showing consistency in its foreign policies towards human rights in Ireland..

The Pat Finucane Centre for Human Rights and Social Change. Based in Derry, Ireland, the center advocates human rights and encourages political development and social change in Ireland, which it believes can only succeed within the context of active self determination involving all the Irish people.

The Victims and Survivors Trust. Dedicated to the memory of all of those who have lost their lives as a result of the Anglo/Irish war.

Embassy of Ireland in Washington, DC.

An extensive site on Northern Ireland, with many links hosted by British Information Services.

The section of the website of the British Embassy in Washington, DC, devoted to Northern Ireland.

The Northern Ireland Site; general information about Derry.

(Selections from several of these texts can be found at the CAIN website above.)

British Irish Rights Watch (1994). Submission to the United Nations' Special Rapporteur on Summary and Arbitrary Executions: The Murder of 13 Civilians by Soldiers of the British Army on 'Bloody Sunday', 30 January 1972.

Sam Dash (1972). Justice Denied: A Challenge to Lord Widgery's Report on 'Bloody Sunday'.

Irish Government (1997). The Irish Government's Assessment of the Widgery Report and the New Material Presented to the British Government in June 1997.

Irish Government Report (1998).

Raymond McClean. The Road to Bloody Sunday. (Londonderry, Northern Ireland: Guildhall Press, 1983, 1997)

Don Mullan. Bloody Sunday Massacre in Northern Ireland: The Eye Witness Accounts. (Niowat, Colorado: Roberts Rinehart Publishers, 1997)

Widgery Report of the Tribunal appointed to inquire into events on Sunday 30th January 1972. 18 April 1972. (HC 220)


Gerry Adams. Free Ireland: Towards a Lasting Peace. (Niowat, Colorado: Roberts Rinehart Publishers, 1994)

Jonathon Bardon. A History of Ulster. (Dufour Editions 1993, 92). A very comprehensive reference book, describing the history of Ulster from about 7000 BC to 1992 AD. There is also an abridged and updated edition, A Shorter Illustrated History of Ulster.

Paul Bew, Paul Teague, Henry Patterson. Northern Ireland Between War and Peace: The Political Future of Northern Ireland. (Lawrence and Wishart,1997). Bew has written extensively on 20th century history of Northern Ireland.

Sydney Elliott, William D. Flackes. Conflict in Northern Ireland: An Encyclopedia (Roots of Modern Conflict). (Abc-Clio, 1999)

John Hume. Jack Van Zandt, Thomas McEnery, Edward M. Kennedy, Tom McEnery (Illustrator). A New Ireland: Politics, Peace and Reconciliation. (Niowat, Colorado: Roberts Rinehart Publishers, 1997)

Maire and Conor Cruise O'Brien. Ireland: A Concise History. (New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985 Third Edition, revised). A richly illustrated history of Ireland from the 3000 BC builders of megaliths to independence in 1921 AD and the Troubles in the North which continue today.

Padraig O'Malley. The Uncivil Wars: Ireland Today. (Boston: Beacon Press, 1997). A universally praised account of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, The Uncivil Wars illuminates the beliefs, words, and actions of people on all sides of the debate: Protestants and Catholics, paramilitary groups and parties committed to non-violence, British and Irish.

Padraig O'Malley. Biting at the Grave: The Irish Hunger Strikes and the Politics of Despair. (Boston: Beacon Press, 1990). In March 1981, Bobby Sands began a hunger strike that led to his death 66 days later. One by one, nine other Irish Republicans followed him to their deaths as the world watched. O'Malley (senior associate, the John W. McCormack Institute, University of Massachusetts at Boston) portrays the course of the hunger strikes and their meaning for the Irish people.

Elizabeth Shannon. I Am of Ireland: Women of the North Speak Out. (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1989). An intimate look at the troubles in Northern Ireland, providing a moving collection of interviews with Irish women. This new edition, expanded and updated, contains follow-up interviews with many of the same Catholic and Protestant women who were featured in the original edition, as well as an analysis of the new women's political movement in Northern Ireland.

Andrew J. Wilson. Irish America and the Ulster Conflict, 1968-1995. (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1995). The complex, fascinating story of Irish America's long-time role in the Ulster crisis.

James Christen Steward. When Time Began to Rant and Rave: Figurative Painting From 20th Century Ireland. (London: Merrell Holberton, 1998)

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